Muhammed Semih GÜLTAY
Bülent Ecevit University
A Student from Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department
Industry 4.0 is the adaptation of information technology to the industry. The main purpose here is to exchange data between machines and processes using internet and intelligent hardware.
Among the basic targets of the transition to the Industry 4.0 are to reduce human-based works by ensuring the establishment of the ergonomic and smart mills and save energy, to achieve maximum efficiency and capacity in optimum conditions by optimizing losses and wastage and produce high-reliability products In the context of quality criteria using high-tech digital measuring instruments in all processes and provide a more profitable and sustainable working environment in the manufacturing industry where profit margins are low in a tough competitive environment.
It may not be possible today to fully implement Industry 4.0 in all flour mills. Because dust isolation in factories in Turkey is not at desired levels and I do not think that Industry 4.0 technology will work very well in this dusty environment.
In the last quarter of the last century, “Cyber-Physical Systems” started to be applied as a partial automation by using sensors, actuators and clips in flour mills. Then quickly, semi-automation systems went into effect. In the flour mills established in recent years, full automation systems have started to be used. However, it should not be forgotten that full automation does not mean “Industry 4.0”.
FLOUR-MILLS RELATED OBSTACLES REGARDING INDUSTRY 4.0
To talk about an excellent Industry 4.0 technology in all respects, human-based work force needs to decrease to a certain extent. While saving energy consumption, it is necessary to increase production according to optimum conditions. Today, however, even in flour mills with full automation systems, such significant savings and maximum production have not been possible.
In Turkey, a total of 80 to 110 kilowatt hours of electricity energy is used at present in the producing flour from one ton of wheat. These figures are almost the same in flour mills with fully automated systems. There are also brownouts and power failures due to power distribution networks that have not yet been disciplined throughout the country. This is the second major drawback in the context of the healthy operation of the Industry 4.0 system, after the dusty environment problem.
Despite these drawbacks I try to explain, flour mills should never give up on Industry 4.0 technology. Efforts must be initiated together with the relevant parties to try to resolve the problems. Industry 4.0 technology will soon take its place in the flour industry and will be implemented. Particularly in the production phase, momentary control in all processes is crucial in the context of quality criteria and sustainability in the final product. The early warning of the self-calibrating and instantaneous measuring instruments by making independent measurements from technical and administrative personnel under Industry 4.0 is of utmost importance for the future of the flour mills.
Although Industry 4.0 technology is projected to reduce employment, I personally do not agree with this view. Industry 4.0 technology introduces a skilled staff requirement for employment. If this technology is to be implemented by knowledgeable and knowledgeable electronic and automation engineers, qualified employment is likely to gain importance.
While Industry 4.0 entails high costs during the installation phase, it will be able to amortize its investment and then bring profits to the businesses as long as it is handled in accordance with its original purpose.
In conclusion, I can maintain that if we are talking about a forward-looking system like Industry 4.0, we cannot ignore this system. What we are supposed to do is to optimize the infrastructure of our businesses and energy distribution systems to make Industry 4.0 available and to benefit from the facilities and advantages offered by the system.