The Chinese state-owned food company COFCO is in talks about buying a shareholding in a grain export terminal in the Russian port of Novorossiysk as part of its expansion in Europe. Such a deal could give COFCO greater capability to export Russian grain in large volumes to the big Middle Eastern markets.
The Chinese state food trading corporation COFCO is eyeing a 25 percent stake in Russia’s third-largest grain terminal, KSK in Novorossiysk, the Vedomosti daily and Reuters reported, citing sources close to the deal. DeloPorts, the holding company that owns the terminal, confirmed negotiations have begun without disclosing the details. The possible deal with COFCO comes on top of several others pointing to possible expansion of Chinese investment in the Russian agricultural sector.
Agriculture is a key strategic sector for the Kremlin, which has poured money into development and seen grain production and exports soar as a result. Grain is the new oil, with Russia earning over $20 billion a year from grain exports in recent years. That makes it the second biggest export product after raw materials, earning the country more than it makes from the export of arms. Russia has been the world’s largest grain exporter for the last few years and is on course to retain the title, although this year it is running neck and neck with Ukraine.
KSK, which is a deep water terminal, handled 4.8 million tonnes of grain exports last year. A 25 percent plus one share stake is controlled by commodities trader Cargill, which is reportedly not participating in the COFCO deal.
China has kept its agricultural market largely closed to imports as it tries to cover its own domestic needs, but as the middle class emerges demand is rising and Beijing is slowly opening up to more exports. Russia has been eyeing the Chinese market and sees exports of agricultural products to China — especially across its Far Eastern border to China’s north-western provinces — as a key market for development and potentially a major money-maker.
At the same time, deals with China have shifted from state-to-state energy deals, with Chinese companies taking equity stakes in companies in strategically important sectors outside of energy as part of the process of tying the two countries’ economies together. These investments are not just about supplying China with the products it needs, they are also financial investments for profit.
In 2015-2016 COFCO acquired the grain trading companies Noble Agri and Nidera, that also operate in Russia. In 2018 COFCO was the 16th-largest grain exporter from Russia.
“The deal would open attractive opportunities for COFCO to export large volumes of Russian grain to Middle East markets,” sources told Reuters, adding that “Novorossiysk is particularly important for exports to Egypt,” which is the largest buyer of Russian grain.